Our National Anthem
Just a thought for the National Anthem!
How well do u know about it?
I have always wondered who is the "adhinayak" and "bharat bhagya
vidhata", whose praise we are singing. I thought may be God! Our
current National Anthem "Jana Gana Mana" is sung throughout the
Did you know the national anthem, Jana Gana Mana Adhinayaka, was
written by Rabindranath Tagore in honor of King George V and the
Queen of England when they visited India in 1919. To honor their visit
Pundit Motilal Nehru had the five stanzas included, which are in
praise of the King and Queen.
(And most of us think it is in the praise of our great
In the original Bengali verses only those provinces that were
under British rule, i.e. Punjab, Sindh, Gujarat,Maratha .. etc.
were mentioned. None of the princely states were recognized which
are integral parts of India now - Kashmir,Rajasthan, Andhra,
Mysore or Kerala. Neither the Indian ocean nor the Arabian Sea
were included, since they were directly under Portuguese rule at
The Jana Gana Mana Adhinayaka implies that King George V is the
lord of the masses and Bharata Bhagya Vidhata is "the bestower of
Following is a translation of the five stanzas which glorify the
1st stanza (Indian)People wake up remembering your good name and
ask for your blessings and they sing your glories.
2nd stanza Around your throne people of all religions come and
give their love and anxiously wait to hear your kind words.
3rd stanza Praise to the King for being the charioteer, for
leading the ancient travelers beyond misery.
4th stanza Drowned in the deep ignorance and suffering, poverty
stricken, unconscious country? waiting for the wink of your eye
and your mother's (the Queen's) true protection.
5th stanza In your compassionate plans, the sleeping Bharat
(India) will wake up. We bow down to your feet O' Queen, and glory
to Rajeshwara (the King).
This whole poem does not indicate any love for the Motherland but
depicts a bleak picture. When you sing Jana Gana Mana Adhinayaka,
whom are you glorifying?
Certainly not the Motherland. Is it God? The poem does not
It is time now to understand the original purpose and the
implication of this, rather than blindly sing as has been done the
past fifty years. Nehru chose the present national anthem as
opposed to Vande Mataram because he thought that it would be
easier for the band to play. It was an absurd reason but Today for
that matter bands have advanced and they can very well play any
music. So they can as well play Vande Mataram, which is a far
better composition in praise of our dear Motherland -India.
Wake up, it's high time! Vande Mataram should be our National
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